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5 Most Frequented Art Museums In The World

One of the joys of traveling the world is the art you get to see. You take a sneak peek of those beautiful art museums in movies or TV shows, but apart from the most widely known ones, the majority of us don’t know that much about art museums.

But if you are traveling somewhere in the world, you might get the chance to visit one of the greatest museums in the world, so you better get ready for that moment. Here are the 5 most frequented art museums in the world, and the things you must know about them.

  1. Louvre Museum

Musée du Louvre is by far the most famous art museum in the world. Located in Paris, it is also the largest art museum in the world, and a central landmark of the city. The museum is inside de Louvre Palace, built between the 12th and 13th century under the Philip II, originally intended to be a fortress. Inside can be found many art pieces, but perhaps the most well-known is Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa.

In 2016 it was the most visited art museum in the world, with 7.3 million visits. Even with those numbers and taking the number one spot that year, the Louvre experienced a fall in its visits, mainly due to the decrease in tourist visits to Paris following the recent attacks.

  1. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Located in New York, “the Met” as it’s called colloquially, is the largest museum in the United States, and the second most visited art museum in the world, with 7 million visits in 2016. The main building is located in Central Park, and is by area one of the largest galleries in existence.

The museum was first opened in 1872 on February 20, in a 681 Fifth Avenue building. Its first president was a railroad executive named John Taylor Johnston; whose personal collection was the start of the museum. The building is owned by the City of New York, but a group of 950 benefactors own the collections.

  1. British Museum

The British Museum is located in the Bloomsbury area in London. It falls in third place with 6.4 million visits during 2016, and it contains one of the largest and most diverse collections in existence, with 8 million works.

The museum opened for the first time to the public on January 15, 1759, and it was based originally on the collections of the British Physician Sir Hans Sloane. This collection of curiosities contained about 71,000 objects of different types and from all over the world.

The British Museum, due to its wide variety of objects taken from other countries, is often the target of criticism. Specialists debate on whether or not museums should contain objects from other countries, and when talking about this subject, this museum is always brought up.

  1. National Gallery

Also located in London, this time Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, the National Gallery comes in 4th place with 6.26 million visits in 2016. The collection is owned by the British government, and the visit to this main collection is free.

In 1824, the British government bought 38 paintings from an insurance broker named John Julius Angerstein. After that, the collection has been expanded by private donors, which have comprised two thirds of the entire collection, and by its early directors. Some notable pieces of art from the collection are Leonardo da Vinci’s The Virgin of the Rocks and Vincent van Gogh’s Sunflowers.

  1. Vatican Museums

Musei Vaticani are a number of art and Christian museums that are located inside the Vatican City. With 6.1 million visits in 2016, they take the 5th and last spot on this list. The works on display were amassed by the Popes throughout the years, and they contain some of the most popular and acclaimed sculptures and pieces of Renaissance art, including the famous Sistine Chapel with the ceiling painted by Michelangelo.

The Museums were founded in the 16th century by Pope Julius II, originating from the purchase of the Laocoön and His Sons, a marble sculpture. Since then, the many different Popes have expanded the collections, and the Museums turned 500 years old on October 2006.

Here are more museums you should consider visiting:

What Is the Difference Between Hyperrealism and Photorealism Art?

Photorealism art was born from other kinds of arts such as pop art, which seeks to imitate a photograph in the essence of a painting. Ever since the invention of photography, many artists have wanted to replicate the accuracy of this through hand.

What Is the Difference Between Hyperrealism and Photorealism Art?

Photorealism is a variant of hyperrealism but it isn’t so radical in terms of artistic attitudes. This emergent art exists only to reflect a photographic image; if the landscape of the canvas is not a reflection of a photo then it is not photorealism. Also, the idea is to execute the greatest possible accuracy of details regarding the photograph itself, so the artist must be equipped with enormous technical precision and skills in terms of lighting and colors to create the synthesis of the image. Then, it must not be hard to see a difference between the photograph and the canvas.

In other words, photorealistic painting cannot exist without photography. In this art, change and movement are stopped in time. The artists gather their information and images through the camera. Once the image is developed it is transferred systematically to the canvas, usually with the projection of a slide over the painting to avoid any difference between the two (the photograph and the painting).

On the other hand, hyperrealism encompasses photorealism and takes it by the hand. Hyperrealism is a genre of painting and sculpture in which the work resembles a photograph in high resolution; although it does not imply that it’s a copy of the photograph. It is an independent art style and movement that was born just in the 2000s and extends throughout the United States and Europe.

The hyperrealistic style focuses more on the details and the subject to be represented; the works are not exact copies of photographs or literal illustrations of a scene or landscape. Rather, it has other additional elements that highlight reality, transforming it into something worth seeing. It is possible to achieve in hyperrealism something resembling fantasy or distortion of reality, but represented with the most exquisite technique where the resemblance to reality is so strong that this fantastic part seems invisible to the human eye.

In addition, hyperrealism may reflect emotional content or content associated with social, cultural, political or other issues. This gives greater value to the work through a visual illusion.

An example of photorealism can be seen in the works of Ralf Goings, a Californian that highly relates to the photorealistic flowing by representing very detailed paintings of trucks, pick-up trucks, hamburgers shops and banks in the sunny state. And the work of Robert Cottingham specialized in urban scenarios showing an excellent realistic technique.

In terms of hyperrealism, we find works such as those by Jason Degraaf, who doesn’t specifically use photographs and specializes in representing light through forms and artifacts. Edward Hopper, who by using pop art, staged in his works the loneliness that hides the “American dream life”; or Pedro Campos, an Spanish painter whose work makes you doubt whether or not they are photographs, with content based on current consumerism.

Resources:

5 Famous Video Game Artists

Video games are a really special universe, with millions of followers around the world and adding more every year. We can find thousands of curiosities and stories since the creation of the first video game, called “Tennis for Two” by the physicist William Higginbotham on October 18th, 1958.

It can be said that the majority of game designers have been inspired by at least one other before them and still use their talent to create new experiences.But we don’t know the artists behind the game, the expert creating an entire story to us.

5 Famous Video Game Artists

That’s why we’ve made a list of five famous video game artists, including the creators of some of the most relevant content in gaming history, so that now you can admire the genius minds that have brought to life some of the greatest video games in the world, the majority of which you have probably played at least once.

  • Hideo Kojima:

    This video game designer was born in Tokyo, Japan on 24th August 1963.  Kojima started his career with Konami on 1986, his first work was as an assistant director on Penguin Adventure, but his first big work as a director was the Metal Gear saga released in 1987 by the company for the MSX2 computer. Hideo has his own company, “Kojima Productions“. This company was founded in 2005 as a subsidiary of Konami, but in 2015 Kojima reformed the company as an independent studio.

  • Hironobu Sakaguchi:

    Is a Japanese designer, director, producer, writer and film director. He was born in Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan on November 25th, 1962. Hironobu is the creator of the Final Fantasy series, a video game released on December 18, 1987, for the NES. This artist has sold more than 80.000.000 of original copies around the world. He is the owner of Mistwalker, a company founded in 2004.

  • Shigeru Miyamoto:

    Miyamoto is the co-representative director of Nintendo, he started his career in 1997 with the company. This Japanese was born on November 16th, 1952 and studied Industrial Design in Kanazawa Municipal College of Industrial Arts. The artist created his first video game for Nintendo, called “Donkey Kong” on 1981. Miyamoto has a big career creating video games; he has some big titles like Mario Bros, The Legend of Zelda, Popeye, Kirby and more.

  • Gabe Newell:

    He is the first American on the list, nicknamed by the users as “Lord Gaben”, is a computer programmer, co-founder and president of the company Valve Corporation. Gabe is the creator of Dota, Counter-Strike, Day of Defeat and many others. He started his career as a producer of the Windows 1.01, 1.02 and 1.03 operation system, but he decided to create the video game Half-life on 1998 with Mike Harrington after they left Microsoft.

  • Michael Morhaime:

    Finally, we have the president and co-founder of the company Blizzard Entertainment, founded back in 1991 and originally named Silicon and Synapse. Morhaime was born on November 3, 1967, in California. The company released in 1994 the video game WarCraft which its first number one selling game. Michael is so successful, that he is one of the only producers or designers to have won at both Technology and Engineering Emmy Awards and at the Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences Interactive Achievement Awards.

Most Expensive Piece Of Art Sold

We can define works of art as physical objects, which are created by artistic geniuses, and which are results of talent, inspiration, afflatus and invested work and effort.

The paintings were one of the first things in art, created by man. Today, they are the most expensive piece of art sold and is one of the best ways of money investing. Collectors spend millions of dollars a year, wanting to own some of the most famous pieces of all time.

Some of the most expensive works of art ever sold are:

  • Silver Car Crash (1963) by Andy Warhol, sold for $105.4 million
  • Flag (1954 – 55) by Jasper Johns, sold for $110 million
  • The Scream (1893 – 1910) by Edvard Munch, sold for $119.9 million
  • Woman III (1951-53) by Willen de Kooning, sold for $137.5 million
  • 5 (1948) by Jackson Pollock, sold for $140 million
  • La Rêve (1932) by Pablo Picasso, sold for $155 million
  • The Card Players (1890 – 95) by Paul Cézanne, sold for $250 million

What is the most expensive piece of art sold?

The most expensive piece of art sold is Leonardo da Vinci’s Salvator Mundi (1500), sold for incredible $450 million.

The image of Jesus Christ, which attributes to the great artist only at the beginning of this decade.It was commissioned by French King Louis XII more than 500 years ago, and sold for $ 400 million at the Christie’s auction house in New York, with an additional 50 million as a form of premium for the auction house, which is four and a half times the offered price (100 million). “Christie” did not want to disclose the name of the new owner or region from which he comes. Six people were bidding for the image, while bids were jumping by 20-30 million, which is extremely unusual. Their bidding lasted for twenty minutes.

The painting “Salvator Mundi” is the most expensive sold artwork in the world, either privately or on the auction. Past recorders were Picasso’s “Women from Algeria” (1955) and one picture of Paul Gogh, who is believed to have reached a figure of $300 million in a private arrangement.

Salvator Mundi Facts & History

Christies called the image of Christ who holds the crystal ball in his left hand, while blessing with the right-hand, “the greatest discovery of the 20th century”. The image was sold by Russian oligarch DimitrijRibolovljev (50), the owner of the football club “Monaco.” He bought it from French dealer Ivo Buvije for $127 million, and Bowie bought it in private sales at auction Sotheby’s in 2013 for 50 million less.

Before that, “Salvator Mundi” was owned by a consortium of dealers, including Alexander Peris who had charged for only $ 10,000. The work was copied several times and was long considered a copy.When Peris “cleansed” it and took it to the experts to check, the bomb exploded in the art world: it confirms that the author of the painting was Leonardo da Vinci. It was the first painting attributed to Leonardo since 1909.”The chances of finding an unknown Leonard picture are less than discovering a new planet,” said an expert, LoikGozer.

After a long-term restoration, the painting was first revealed to the public in 2011 at an exhibition at the National Gallery in London. Christ appeared in his “Leonard” glow, with an ethereal and inaccessible expression, which is why he is called “male Mona Lisa.” The artist used at least five thin layers of glaze to get the desired skin tone on Christ’s face – he used the same technique on Mona Lisa.

Alan Winter month, an image specialist for old masters in Christies, said he did not even suspect that the picture would break all records.

Check out art critic Alastair Sooke as he looks at Salvator Mundi:

What is Hyperrealism Art?

Hyperrealism art is a form of art where the creation resembles a photograph with very high resolution, hence the name. Some experts say Hyperrealism is a more advanced version of Photorealism.

Hyperrealism Art History

The term was first used by Belgian art dealer IsyBrachot, who made an art exhibition at his gallery in Brussels titled L’hyperréalisme, in 1973. This exhibition consisted of many American and European artists that where known for Photorealism, like Ralph Goings and Richter.

Ever since then, Hyperrealism has been used to describe painters influenced by Photorealism. This previous movement originated in the United States in the 1960’s, and the goal was to recreate photographs. It represented an evolution to Pop Art, and was considered an advanced version of Realism, a movement that happened prior.

Because the US was the place where painters focused on Photorealism, it’s only logical that the next movement, Hyperrealism, would also be propelled by American artists. The aspect in which Hyperrealism stirs away from its predecessor, it’s the emotion and narrative that they intend to plasm into the painting, unlike Photorealism, which only targeted the precise recreation of a photo reference.

Another characteristic of Hyperrealism paintings and sculptures is the focus on the presentation of the subject as a living and moving object. It is said to derive from the philosophy of Jean Baudrillard: “the simulation of something which never really existed”. This means, that the target is to create a reality that wasn’t seen in the original photo the creation derives from, but not to the extend as to become an illusion, as what’s presented may very well be real.

Hyperrealism Art Style

When it comes to the style, Hyperrealism is very much focused on details. It takes the photo as a reference, and instead of simulating with the goal of making something as similar to the original photo as possible, it uses it as a guide. The artist has the liberty, and you could also say the obligation, to make it seem even more real, as if there’s something in the photo that couldn’t be seen by the human eye.

As a more modern genre of painting and sculpture, Hyperrealism is based off digital photographs, and more so because it took off during the early 2000’s, led by Paul Cadden. It’s modernity also allows for some technical liberties when it comes to the methods used. Preliminary drawings and grisaille molds or paintings. Even advanced techniques like slide projectors can be used to translate the image onto a canvas, to obtain that “hyper real” effect.

The themes that can be found on Hyperrealism projects range from portraits, to landscapes, or even narrative scenes. Social, cultural, and political themes are exposed through this medium, with Hyperrealism being used often to expose totalitarians regimes and third world governments. It seems like a recurring theme this genre is used to present are provocative and polemic topics.

For example, Denis Peterson and Gottfried Helnwein used Hyperrealism to present their take on genocides, refugees, and specially the Holocaust in the case of Helnwein’s work. Maybe the concept of creating something that isn’t real blended with something that is, could plant the idea in the public’s mind that there are things we are not seeing, but are right in front of our eyes.

Video: Hyperrealism Art Time Lapse

Check out this amazing hyperrealism time lapse of of M&M’s:

5 must-know Sketching tips for Beginners

Drawing is an art as you all know, and it can be mastered easily. However, drawing has always been a part of our lives. Right from schooling we have had drawing classes, assignments, project works, and record submission- drawing was a part of every single thing. It was never easy to draw, and that was probably the worst part of going to school for some. But today we terribly miss those days. So if you are still a student and drawing is a part of your everyday life, then here some tips designed for beginners. Practice this earnestly, and you are sure to become an artist one day.

5 must-know Sketching tips for Beginners

Sketching tips for beginners:

Here are some of the simple tips that will help all beginners to become professionals at the earliest.

Avoid Smudging:

One of the major problems that most beginners suffer from is smudging when they are creating pencils sketches and diagrams. This will spoil the whole art in case precautionary measures are not taken. So the first thing that you have to take care in a pencil sketching is to prevent smudging. Take a piece of paper and cover the completed when you move through the diagram. This will prevent smudging resulting in a clean presentation.

Take control:

Fear is not a part of any art. In case if you are fearful of what you are doing you will never be able to master the art of drawing. So take control and learn the art fearlessly. Learn new things every day, and this will hone your drawing skills. Over a period you will learn to do things reflexively, all most all images and steps will become a part of your muscle memory. All it takes is a lit bit of practice and hard work.

Silhouettes:

Most people find it hard to draw intricate art as in eyes, nose and other such detailing. In case if that is your trouble as well, then we have a solution. The next time you wish to express something in a pictorial representation, try a silhouette. It works better. However, not in all cases, because sometimes, the silhouette may mean nothing more than a botch. So making silhouette will also demand certain skills.

Get a mirror image:

I am not an artist myself, but this one tip is taken from a professional’s desk, and trust us it will work for sure. This is an extension of the above point. You are interested in detailing your art as much as possible, and you are good at it as well. But when you are trying to make it perfect there is one easy hack. Get the mirror image of the picture that you are trying to imitate and look at the details now, and you will be able to spot your mistakes easily.

Get your block out of the way:

This need not be a problem for veteran artists alone. Even as a budding artist you encounter artist’s block. In case you are caught in between, and you have no idea how to go about further, try this tip. Switch your hands, start drawing in left hand if you are a right-hander, or left hand if you are otherwise. This strongly diverts your concentrations and brings your focus back.

Top 7 Best Pencil Artists in the World

Top 7 Best Pencil Artists in the World

Pencil artists are some of the greatest beings and rarely found talents of the world. Here are some of the best pencil artists of the world. They are in no particular order, see if any of your favourite artists form a part of this list.

Top 7 Best Pencil Artists in the World

The top 7 pencil artists in the world are as follows:

Paul Cadden:

Paul Caddenbelongs to Scotland, and he is the most famous hyperrealism artist in the world today. Paul Cadden believes that an artist cannot bring something to reality just because the image looks hyper-realistic or is in 3D, but artists for sure can create an illusion of something that is on the paper or the canvas is real. This is what Paul Cadden believes, and that is what reality is.

Dirk Dzimirsky:

Dirk Dzimirsky is also known for his hyper-realistic paintings. Dirk Dzimirsky is a very professional artist and goes largely with human portraits rather than objects or nature.  His paintings mostly refer to dark or sad things. They are sometimes disturbing and scary as well. Dirk Dzimirsky is a German artist and was born in the year 1969.

Kelvin Okafor:

Kelvin Okafor is a British artist, but his origin is said to be in Nigeria. He is a renowned pencil artist all around the world. He is also one of the best draughtsmen in the world today. Most of the works of Kelvin Okafor also fall under the hyperrealism genre. His way of doing things is also different when compared to the other artists of the world. He was born in the year 1982.

AdonnaKhare:

AdonnaKhare is a carbon-pencil artist. She is known for her larger than life-size pictures and is hails from Burbank, America. Most of the paintings are not only illusionary but also imaginary. She paints portraits but as they belong to a different world. She was born in the year 1980 and is well known all around the world for her photo-realistic artworks.

Marco Mazzoni:

Marco Mazzoni is an Italian artist and is one artist on the list who uses colours in his pencil sketch. Marco Mazzoni has great affiliation towards flowers and herbalists. All of his paintings depict women with flowers except a very few of them. Despite is taste being peculiar and quite narrow as well, but with the same concept, he can create a wide range of paintings. He was born in the year 1982.

Diego Fazio:

This self-taught Italian artist, Diego Fazio, is well-known for his refined technique and definitions in his artwork. His works are also hyper-realistic in nature. They are so real that it becomes quite hard to differentiate between the original and his work. Diego Fazio was born in the year 1989 and quite young for the popularity her has gained.

Ileana Hunter:

The minimalist drawings of Ileana Hunter have gone famous internationally. She is a Romanian artist, and she is also a hyperrealist artist. The intricate detailing in her work made her as one of the most famous artists in the world.

“A picture is a secret about a secret, the more it tells you the less you know.”

-Diane Arbus-

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